(Language Comparison For Fun) : Just Compare Indonesian-Javanese-Tagalog-Waray


I am totally interested in learning languages, though I am also -at some extents- lazy body. If I want to study a language, I look for some dictionaries and even try to compare the languages into a chart or tables. Afterwards I leave it for a while..hahahaha..that’s so ugly thing. Okay, I just wanna tell a little about it as for me learning is started from the baby born until we go to adios park. Well, I just want to share about comparing between 4 Austronesian languages. Those are relatively related each other and share several lexical similarities though among us (Indos and Pinoys) have been historically and politically seperated. however there were good relationships between us ….as Nusantara nations.

Today I’d like to share the following languages. Two of them from Indonesia and two others from The Philippines. I never go to The Philippines, but sometimes I watch their movies and TV news from internet. Tagalog and Waray-Waray (Winaray). About Tagalog, I think it’s been a very nationally widespread and every Pinoys/Pinays knows it well. While about Waray, I encountered this language when I watch TV Patrol Tacloban. It sounds strange and quite different to Tagalog, but several (or many) words are sometimes much closer to our languages. While the rests, are surely my languages. Bahasa Indonesia which derives from High Malay (along with Malaysian) is unifying language since 1928 (formerly named Melayu), and spoken by almost every Indonesians..this is why most Indonesians (and others) are naturally bilingual. While another language is Javanese or called Basa Jawa. This is my real mother tongue and spoken by around more than 40% Indonesians (around 82 millions or more), originally spoken in Central Java, Jogjakarta, northern parts of West Java and coastal Banten as well as spoken natively by 78% of East Javanese, it is also spoken by Javanese diaspora in all parts of Indonesia…errmm..not just in Indonesia! It is also widely spoken in Suriname, Malaysia, The Netherland, New Caledonia and others. It is a very complicated language with its own nature. There are several level of speechs which have got its own vocabularies and depends on social status.

Javanese can be also recognized by its peculiar accent on ‘b’, ‘d’, ‘g’, and ‘j’.

So that’s why, Javanese is hierarchist language, but for this comparison, I only give its lower level which is spoken among friends or the same level.

Okay, if there are mistakes especially for Tagalog and Waray, please feel free to correct it. I am still learning, and let’s learn our Nusantaran languages together. From the basic one.

Asking Questions

English Indonesian Javanese Tagalog Waray
What Apa Apa Ano Nano
Who Siapa Sapa Sino Hin-o
Where Mana Endhi Saan Hain
Why Kenapa Ngapa Bakit Kay-ano
How Bagaimana Piye Paano Guin-aano
How much Berapa Pira Magkano Tagpira
When Kapan Kapan Kaylan Kan-o
This Ini Iki Ito Ini
That Itu Iku, kae Iyan Adto

Pronouns

English Indonesian Javanese Tagalog Waray
I Aku, saya Aku, kula Ako Ako
You Engkau, kau Kowe Ikaw/ka Ikaw/ka
You (formal) Anda Panjenengan Mo Mo
He/she Dia Dheweke Siya Hiya
We (exc) Kami Kita Kami Kami
We (incl) Kita Kita Tayo Kita
They Mereka Padha Sila Hira
You (plural) Kalian Sampeyan Kamo Kamo

Animals

English Indonesian Javanese Tagalog Waray
Chicken Ayam Pithik Manok Manok
Dog Anjing Asu Aso Ayam
Pig Babi Babi Baboy Baktin
Piglet Anak babi Genjik Biik Pasi
Fish Ikan Iwak Isda Isda
Puppy Anak anjing Kirik Tuta Ido
Cat Kucing Kucing Pusa Misay
Crocodile Buaya Baya Buaya Buaya
Snake Ular Ula Ahas Halas
Butterfly Kupu-kupu Kupu Paru-paro Alibangbang
Frog Katak, kodok Kodok Palaka Katsapa
Flea Kutu Tuma Kuto Kuto
Leech Lintah Pacet Linta Linta
Eel Belut Welut Igat Kasili
Cuckatoo Kakatua Kakaktua Loro Pikoy
Lizard Kadal Kadal Butiki Pinit
Hen Ayam betina Babon Inahin Umagak
Bird Burung Manuk Ibon Tamsi
Cow Sapi, lembu Sapi Baka Baka
Water buffalo Kerbau Kebo Kalabaw Kabaw
Horse Kuda Jaran Kabayo Kabayo
Milipede Kaki seribu Luwing Alupihan Bayud
Flea’s egg Telur kutu Lingsa Lisa Lusa
Elephant Gajah Gajah Elepante Elepante
Monkey Monyet Kethek Unggoy Olot
Mosquito Nyamuk Lamuk Lamok Namok
Fly Lalat, langau Laler Langaw Langaw
Squid Cumi-cumi Iwak Nus Pusit Nuos
Shark Ikan hiu Iwak hiu Patin Pating
Gecko Tokek Tekek Tuko Tuko
Chick Anak ayam Kuthuk Sisiw Siwo

Body Parts

English Indonesian Javanese Tagalog Waray
Eyes Mata Mata Mata Mata
Neck Leher Gulu Leeg Leog
Hand Tangan Tangan Kamay Kamot
Mouth Mulut Lambe Bibig Hiwa
Back Punggung Geger Likod Gutok
Calf Betis Kenthol Binti Bitiis
Hair Rambut Rambut Buhok Buhok
Face Wajah, muka Rai Mukha Kahimo
Nose Hidung Irung Ilong Irong
Palm Telapak Tapak Palad Palad
Arch Telapak kaki Tapak sikil Talampakan Rapadapa
Tigh Paha Pupu Hita Paa
Elbow Siku Sikut Siko Siko
Ears Telinga Kuping Tainga Talinga
Teeth Gigi Untu Ngipin Tango
Knee Lutut Dengkul Tuhod Tuhod
Head Kepala Sirah Ulo Ulo
Chest Dada Dada Dibdib Dughan
Hip Pinggul Bangkekan Baywang Kupsan
Tongue Lidah Ilat Dila Dila
Blood Darah Getih Dugo Dugo
Eyelashes Bulu mata Idep Pilik mata Piruk
Eyebrow Alis Alis Kilay Kiray
Skin Kulit Kulit Balat Panit
Foot Kaki Sikil Paa Siki
Breast Payudara Susu Suso Susu
Bone Tulang Balung Buto Tul-an
Armpit Ketiak Kelek Kilikili Irok

Numbers

Next…..later on! Enjoy this humbly simple comparison….Sampai jumpa…Paalam na!

English Indonesian Javanese Tagalog Waray
One Satu Siji Isa Usa
Two Dua Loro Dalawa Duha
Three Tiga Telu Tatlo Tulo
Four Empat Papat Apat Upat
Five Lima Lima Lima Lima
Six Enam Nem Anim Unom
Seven Tujuh Pitu Pito Pito
Eight Delapan Wolu Walo Walo
Nine Sembilan Sanga Siyam Siyam
Ten Sepuluh Sepuluh Sampu Napulo
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