(Saturday’s Language Corner) : Comparison Between Acehnese, Cham and Jarai Languages


I am not good at both languages, but I love to collect words by words and compare them into one frame. I am interested in analyzing languages though not in master level. Those languages belong to the same family, Aceh-Chamic branch of Austronesian languages. I read that Acehnese has the most numerous speakers compared to other Chamic languages. And it is believed that Acehnese branched off much earlier when Champa came into existance.

I just collected some words between Acehnese (spoken natively in northern tip of Sumatera), Cham (particularly Western, spoken in Cambodia and Vietnam/Eastern branch) and Jarai (spoken in Ratanakiri, Cambodia and largely in Gia Rai province, Vietnam). If there’s mistake, just feel free to correct it.

Both of them have got influences from surroundings languages, but it can be found the similarities.

Regards,

Aceh Cham Jarai Indonesia English
Kee Kau Kao Aku I
Thee Thau Thun Tahun Year
Ie Aia Ia Air Water
Sueng Sang Sang Rumah House
Cicem Cim Cim Burung Bird
Dano Beng Denau Danau Lake
Nyan Nyu Nyu Dia He/She
Kayee Kayau Keyau Kayu Wood
Keubeue Kabau Kebau Kerbau Water buffalo
Uleue La Ala Ular Snake
Itam Juk Ju Hitam Black
Sa Sa Sa Satu One
Doa Doa Dua Dua Two
Lhee Klau Klao Tiga Three
Pat Pak Pa Empat Four
Eungkot Ikan Akan Ikan Fish
Aneuk Anak Ana Anak Child
Manuk Manuk Menuk Ayam Chicken
Bandum Tong bih Abih-bang Semua All
Brok Bruk Bru Buruk Rotten, bad
Breh Prah Braih Beras Unhusked rice
Uroe Hrai Hrei Hari Day
Boh Boh Boh Telur Egg
Asee Saw Asao Anjing Dog
Rambideuen Galamong Wang-wai Laba-laba Spider
Com Cum Cum Cium Kiss
Rayek Prung Prong Besar Big
Asoe Ralo Anyam Daging Meat
Pajoh bu Bong Bong Makan Eat
Minom Manyum Menyum Minum Drink
Mate Matai Djai Mati Die
Panah Panuh Penah Panah Arrow
Leupie Laan-lo Re ot Dingin Cold
Apui Pui Apui Api Fire
Poh Tong Taih Pukul Hit
Buleuen Blan Blan Bulan Moon
Troh Mai Truh Datang Arrive
Bloe Blai Blei Beli Buy
Laot Tasik Resi Laut Sea
Uteuen, Glee Glai Glai Hutan Forest
Dloh Groh Groh Menggonggong Bark
Bak Phun Phun Pohon Wood
Mirah Mareah Meraih Merah Red
Baro Bahau Phrao Baru New

 

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