“Sacred to the memory of Olivia Mariamne, wife of hon’ble Thomas Stamford Raffless, Lieutenant Governor of Java and its dependencies, who departed this life at Buitenzorg (now Bogor), the 23 of November 1814.”
The inscription reminded me to the memorial monument in Bogor Botanical Park (Kebun Raya Bogor), where Olivia Mariamne Devenish passed away there. She was the first spouse of Thomas Stamford Raffless from 1805 to her death in 1814. During her life with Raffless, she had changed many norms which were taboo for white women. She and her husband visited the native rulers and held receptions for people from all sexes and ethnicities. She also banned areca catechu (betel nut or pinang) for western women, but encouraged wearing sarong for them.
She kicked a bucket of daisy in 1814 and buried in Batavia (now Jakarta). Her grave is now located in Museum Taman Prasasti (Graveyard Park Museum), next to Central Jakarta city hall. The museum is favourite place for photography and especially on weekend, the place is always full of photographers and models. Most of the tombs have no remainings more, some have been moved to the Netherlands, some still remain there like (maybe) Olivia’s tomb.
Unfortunately, there’s no any living descendants of Raffless as all of them died before getting married or into maturity.
Location : Central Jakarta, Indonesia